American-Made Index: Which Automakers Affect the Most U.S. Workers?

Posted on 27. Jun, 2012 by in Auto News 's American-Made Index gauges how American a car is based on a model-by-model, but there are many other ways to determine how American a car is. If you look at raw employment numbers have carmakers in Detroit a bigger presence in the U.S. than their foreign rivals – but the competition is the gap.

Start with the big picture: U.S. assembly plants and suppliers employ about 770,000 Americans, according to seasonally adjusted figures from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is from less than 625,000 at the bottom of the recession, but it pales in comparison to pre-recession numbers, when the industry reached more than EUR 1 million.

When you factor in those who sell cars, you're talking about more Americans, and marks can say without U.S. manufacturing presence still a piece of cake. The BLS reports new and used car dealers employ nearly 1.1 million Americans, and it is a stable source of jobs, staggering. Between 1 million and 1.25 million for most of the past 10 years

Detroit Three vs. Three Japanese: 181,000 to 67,000
Car dealers and suppliers often sell cars or supply parts for several automakers. Take them out of the equation and Detroit automakers have the clear advantage in the direct employment – in the assembly, powertrain, stamping, casting and mold making plants, research and design centers, U.S. headquarters, like testing grounds and. GM spokesman Fred Liguori says GM employs 77,000 Americans. Chrysler in the U.S. is the employment to 39,200. Ford refused to get numbers, but the American Automotive Policy Council, a group that represents Detroit Three, says the Dearborn, Mich., automaker employs about 65,000.

Combined, that's more than 2.5 times the number of employees that Toyota, Nissan and Honda – the three largest Japanese automakers in the U.S. – occupy. Toyota spokeswoman Carly Schaffner says Toyota employs more than 30,000 Americans from 29,089 in 2011. Honda has "north of 26,000" to its U.S. operations, said spokesman Ed Miller. Nissan employs 10,380 U.S. operations in six states. Hyundai-Kia employs 7,800, according to two speakers of the Korean automaker.

It is no wonder that the AAPC says the Detroit Three employ two out of three auto workers in the U.S. Indeed, Michigan – home to 38 light-duty auto plants, all wholly or partly by the Detroit Three possessions – employs 136,400 automobile -workers, according to BLS. The nearest state of Ohio, the 14 Detroit Three and four Honda plants was there with 75,900 auto workers.

"We are certainly never deny that [the Detroit Three] are global companies in a global market," said AAPC President Matt Blunt. "But they are certainly the implementation of what is expected in the United States in terms of employment. Regarding the parts in relation to the investment"

Other Catching Up
Competitors catch up. Consider the last decade alone: Miller says Honda "had about 25,000 [or] 26,000" on its U.S. labor market report in the early 2000s, while conductor says Toyota employs 30,100 in 2002. That is about the employment over the decade – or, more realistically, recovered momentum since the recession. In 2007, the year before the U.S. auto sales went into freefall Toyota employs nearly 37,000.

Compare that to the Detroit Three, whose employment may never recover pre-recession levels. The Center for Automotive Research in Ann Arbor, Michigan, says employment at GM, Ford and Chrysler has increased since 2009, but in the early 2000s dealt the three automakers more than double what they are doing today. In 2001 Liguori notes, some 168,000 worked at GM alone.

"The Detroit Three two thirds of the assembly plants that they had five years ago," says Kristin Dziczek, CAR directs the laboratory and industry group. As a result, however, car manufacturers in Detroit "a very sharp upward trend in productivity at the same time. Thus reinvestment, which was is enormous productivity has really pushed to very high levels."

This is to make a point like AAPC. The group says that Detroit Three automakers to use less labor per vehicle mounted, but they employ more because of marketing, finance, research and development and other efforts.

Of course, foreign car manufacturers, many U.S. investments in product development, too. Toyota says its U.S. operations include five R & D centers and two design facilities. Miller Honda expects the automaker in the U.S. employ development facilities "several thousand." Nissan and U.S. design and technical centers in the Altima, Maxima, Xterra and Frontier have coined.

Global automobile manufacturer, a trade group that represents Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Hyundai, Kia, Subaru and several foreign niche companies argued that its member companies invested $ 40200000000 in the United States in 2011. "Last year we did 34 percent of the 8.7 million vehicles built in the U.S.," spokeswoman Caroline DeLaney says. "This is still an important part."

Blunt, the AAPC accepts their contributions.

"We really welcome foreign competition," he says. "We certainly welcome foreign direct investment, and if the Americans. A job with a foreign automaker to get to excellent for the community"

But Blunt believes it's not so much the contributions of Chrysler – the smallest Detroit automaker, which is controlled by the Italian Fiat – let alone GM or Ford

"Ford and GM from itself by itself – the fact that they only buy so many auto parts such as all Japanese auto companies together, which is really a pretty telling statistic," he says.

Down the Road
If the employment of foreign carmakers ever catch domestic automakers? After reduction of jobs and reduce production costs Detroit automakers are back in the black. Last spring, GM posted its ninth consecutive quarter of profits and Ford released his 11th. Chrysler is on track to surpass its 2011 profit of eight times this year. CAR estimates the Detroit Three are nearly 200,000 Americans have on their payrolls in 2015. That is more than 20,000 as of 2011.

Foreign-owned auto manufacturers add their ranks, too. Toyota adding 2,000 jobs at a Mississippi plant the Corolla compact. Hyundai spokesman Miles Johnson says U.S. employment at Hyundai only 20 percent this year.

But CAR Dziczek does not cover the entire gap closing anytime soon.

"I do not think that changed radically in five years what it is," she says. "There are not a lot of talk about the development of new [foreign-owned] capacity."

More on the American-Made Index
Here you will find a map of where cars are built in America
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